RAUWOLF, Leonhard. A Collection of Curious Travels and Voyages. Containing, Dr. Leonhart Rauwolf’s Journey into the Eastern Countries, viz. Syria, Palestine, or the Holy Land, Armenia, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Chaldea, &c. Translated from the Original High Dutch, by Nicholas Staphorst. London printed J. Walthoe and others, 1738.
Two volumes (volume two: Rauwolf's book), 8vo. Contemporary speckled calf, rebacked and with wear to extremities; pp. [2, half-title in red and black and with typographical ornamental rules], iv, 428, 119; [xii, including half-title in red and black and with typographical ornamental rules], 489, , 44, volume I with three plates, both titles printed in red and black, woodcut vignettes in the text; fore-edge of volume II a little scuffed; otherwise remarkably clean and fresh, contemporary engraved armorial bookplate inside font cover.
Second edition in English, (first English translation 1693, editio princeps in Latin 1582). This is a re-issue of the printing of the same year with cancel title page to form volume two of Ray's two-volume Collection of Curious Travels of an early detailed travelogue of the Levant, written by a Augsburg merchant's employee, a medical doctor well versed in Arabic, natural history and pharmacological texts who had traveled Lebanon, Syria, Kurdistan and modern Iraq, including a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the 1570s. Rauwolf's employer was the Augsburg merchant Melchior Manlich, who had close trade relations with the Levant, exporting mechanical goods, hardware made in Nürnberg and textiles, and importing spices, pearls, precious stones and silk. Manlich sent him to visit the Middle East in 1573, partly as trader and partly as physician. 'After a nine-month sojourn in Aleppo he continued travelling towards Mesopotamia and, after a river journey of several weeks on the Euphrates, he reached the ruins of Babylon and Baghdad at the end of October. He had to abandon his plans of continuing to India as he got news of the bankruptcy of the Manlich trading house and was ordered to return immediately. The route to Aleppo and Tripoli (where he arrived in May 1575) led him through Kurdish territory. Before leaving for Augsburg Rauwolf stayed for a while in the Lebanon mountains and undertook a pilgrimage to Jerusalem' (translated from Neue Deutsche Biographie, on-line).
'The 8th chapter of part I contains the celebrated description of the coffee drink and of the coffee berry … Rauwolf was the first modern botanist to collect and describe the preparation and consumption of coffee' (Hünersdorff and Hasenkamp, Coffee, 1221).
Volume I in this collection contains Joh Ray's Travels Through the Low-Countries, Germany, Italy and France, With Curious Observations, Natural, Topographical, Moral, Physiological, &c. After Rauwolf's book, on p. 338 begins a compilation of Middle East travels.
ESTC T92839; see Blackmer 1397 for the 1693 Collection of Curious Travels.