[PILTDOWN MAN]. WOODWARD, Arthur Smith. Fourth Note on the Piltdown Gravel, with Evidence of a Second Skull of Eoanthropus Dawsoni. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London Vol LXXIII, Part 1, April 6th, 1918, No. 289. 1918.
8vo. Original blue paper wrappers; pp. cii + 58, 4 plates (Woodward pp. 1-10, plate I); wrappers a little spotted, a little foxing to edges, very good.
First edition. This is the last of four papers recording the announcement of the discovery of Piltdown Man, one of the most notorious scientific hoaxes ever perpetrated. This was written after Charles Dawson's death in 1916. Although Woodward was still digging at the site, no new discoveries were made, and this paper is his analysis of a relic found under Dawson's guidance. Neverthless, for Woodward this last discovery was the final confirmation of the existence of a community of primitive hominids. At this point the scientific establishment was still convinced by Piltdown Man, although even in this paper there are seeds of doubt - in the discussion of the findings it is recorded that W. Dale "observed, with regard to the flint that was said have been used as a hammer-stone, that it had probably sunk down from a higher level and was of newer date… palaeolithic implements had been shown which were of the deep-ochreous colour of the bones. The 'hammer-stone' was scarcely patinated at all" (p.10).