O'NEILL, T. Warren. The Refutation of Darwinism; and the Converse Theory of Development; based exclusively on Darwin's facts… Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1880.
8vo. Original brown cloth, black stamped borders to front board, spine stamped in gilt and black; pp. viii + 454; very clean, very good.
First edition. Scarce especially in such nice condition. T. Warren O'Neill was a Philadelphia lawyer and strident anti-Darwinist, and here he takes Darwin to court, accusing the great naturalist of misunderstanding the laws of variation and being confused by cross-breeding. His grand conclusion is that "each species… is normally immutable", putting O'Neill at odds with most of the scientific thinking of the time. Interestingly, his objections to Darwin are not based noticeably on theology.