GOLDSMID, Colonel Sir Frederick John. Telegraph and Travel. A Narrative of the Formation and Development of Telegraphic Communication Between England and India, Under the Orders of Her Majesty's Government, with Incidental Notices of the Countries Traversed by the Lines. London, Macmillan, 1874.
8vo. Original green pictorial cloth, pp. xiv, , errata slip, 673, wood-engraved frontispiece, wood-engraved illustration to title, large colour-lithographic folding map (strengthened along one fold), two further lithographic maps (one folding), steel-engraved portrait, wood-engraved plates and illustrations in the text; minimal wear to corners, light offsetting from endpapers to initial and final pages of the volume, otherwise remarkably clean and fresh; armorial engraved bookplate inside front cover.
First edition. 'In 1861 Goldsmid first became connected with the scheme for an Indo-European telegraph. In that year he arranged with the chiefs of Baluchistan and Makran for telegraph construction along the coast of Gwadar. In 1864 he was selected to superintend the enormous task of carrying the wires from Europe across Persia and Baluchistan to India. He accompanied Colonel Patrick Stewart when laying the Persian Gulf cable, and later proceeded by way of Baghdad and Mosul to Constantinople. There, after protracted negotiations, he carried through the Indo-Ottoman telegraph treaty. On 30 March 1865, following the death of Colonel Stewart, he was appointed director-general of the Indo-European telegraph, and at once visited Tehran to assist in negotiating a telegraph treaty with the Persian government. From Tehran he travelled overland to India and back again to Europe to settle the terms of admission of the Indo-European telegraph to the European system. Subsequently Goldsmid personally superintended the construction of the telegraph line across the whole extent of Persia. He was made brevet lieutenant-colonel on 3 April 1863, and promoted major on 8 January 1864, lieutenant-colonel on 24 January 1865, and colonel on 24 January 1870; he was made a CB in 1866. He wrote a characteristically modest account of his adventures, Travel and Telegraph' (ODNB). The telegraph lines ultimately reached from London via Munich, Vienna, Constantinople, Diarbakir, and Baghdad to Basrah, then continued by the Indian Government to Bushehr, Henjam, Gwdar and Karachi as well as to Tehran. The volume contains good descriptions of the areas visited, Asiatic Turkey, Iraq, the Persian Gulf and Persia itself, as well as south eastern Russia with one plate depicting Astrakhan.