the invention of mezzotint
EVELYN, John. Sculptura; or, the History and Art of Chalcography, and Engraving in Copper: with an ample Enumeration of the most renowned Masters and their Works. To which is annexed, a new Manner of Engraving, or Mezzotinto, communicated by His Highness Prince Rupert to the Author of this Treatise … The second Edition. Containing some Corrections and Additions taken from the Margin of the Author's printed Copy. London, J. Murray, 1769.
8vo. Contemporary full calf, re-backed; pp. , xxxvi, 140; etched portrait frontispiece, engraved plate and mezzotint folding plate after Prince Rupert; wear to corners, internally a little toned; provenance: ownership inscription Dav: Dalrymple and ms. Correction, dated 1769 on initial blank.
Re-issue of the second edition (1755) with cancel tile-page (first, 1662). 'Prince Rupert’s biography is a story made for the movies. He was the third son of the Elector of Palatine Frederick V and Elizabeth Stuart, the eldest daughter of James I of England and grew up in courts of The Hague and London. At the age of 14, he was already fighting the Spanish in the Netherlands. He joined the Royalist army during the Civil War in England. He was exiled under Cromwell during which time he fought against Spain on the side of the French then he became a Royalist corsair in the Caribbean. After the Restoration he returned to England where he became a high commander of the Navy and was finally appointed the first governor of the Hudson Bay Company in Canada. It was during his exile from England, while living in Frankfurt, that Prince Rupert created his mezzotints … Prince Rupert introduced the technique to England by teaching it to John Evelyn who published a description along with a print by Prince Rupert in his manual on printmaking Sculptura, 1662. The technique subsequently took off in England in the eighteenth century' (metmuseum.org, on Prince Rupert's original mezzotint of the Great Executioner of 1658).
Provenance Sir David Dalrymple (1726-1792) was a Edinburgh judge, historian, founder of libraries and closely connected with the Scottish enlightenment.