Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux (Ornithology
Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux (Ornithology
Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux (Ornithology

DIDEROT, Denis. Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux (Ornithology)

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Diderot on Ornithology.

DIDEROT, Denis. Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux (Ornithology) Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. Plates vol. 6 Paris (1768)

Folio, 253 x 393mm. 39 pages of descriptive text & 21 loose plates with their accompanying 6 text sheets from the volume of plates. Slight browning to margins, a little spotting otherwise very good.
The 21 plates and descriptive text for the entry of Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux from volume VI of plates. The twenty-one plates are numbered 30-50. Plate 50 is continued on a second sheet.
Also with the relevant entries listed under Ornitholite, Ornithologie and Ornithologue in the Table Analytique et Raisonnée du Dictionnaire des Sciences, Arts et Métiers. Vol II (1780)
1 page (690) from volume II of the Encyclopédie (1751) including La différence entre les oiseaux de proie & les granivores
1 page (1007) from volume V of the Encyclopédie (1755) including further information on La différence entre les oiseaux de proie & les granivores
2 pages (200 & 201) from volume VIII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Observations sur le mouvement de leurs paupieres and Oiseaux de nuit
13 pages (433-445) from volume XI of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Oiseau, Ornithologie, observations générales
3 pages (555, 557 & 560) from volume XII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Oiseaux des paradis, observations sur les pieds de cet oiseau and Leur pieds & leurs jambes
2 pages (708 & 709) from volume XIII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Leur queue
11 pages (32-3, 432, 433, 440, 441, 447-449, 733 & 735) from volume XVII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Gésier des oiseaux, Du chant & de la voix des oiseaux, Chasses avec les oiseaux de proie, Vol des oiseaux and Chant des oiseaux au printems
2 pages (299 & 300) from volume II of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1776) which includes information on Observations sur leur cerveau & sur leur cervelet
2 pages (123 & 124) from volume II of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1776) which includes information on Blason, La maniere de représenter différentes especes d'oiseaux and Les pays éloignés
2 pages (186 & 187) from volume IV of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1777) which includes information on Ornithologie en général under Ornithologie

With some browning to a few leaves.

These plates were the work of François-Nicolas Martinet (1731-1800), a French engraver and illustrator of note. One of the most influential ornithologists of his day, his popularity was the result of his ability to depict the birds realistically. Perhaps his most famous illustrations were those for Mathurin Jacques Brisson's Ornithologia, sive Synopsis Methodica (1760-63). His twenty-one plates here show many birds now scarce or endangered, and are an essential document of eighteenth-century French ornithology. Also included is Goussier's chart of various bird bills and feet.
The text entries accompanying these plates help to explain the anatomy of birds, as understood at the time. These include the entries for Carnacier, Estomac, and Ventricule. Other articles are on owls, birdsong, and ornithology in general. The contributors to these sections include Pierre Tarin, a French writer and doctor, and Chevalier Louis de Jaucourt, an aristocrat who wrote around one quarter of the completed Encyclopédie.

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