Architecture and Related Parts.
DIDEROT, Denis. Architecture et Parties qui en Dépendent (Architecture and Related Parts) Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. Vol. 1 (1751) and the Supplementary Plates Volume (1777) Paris.
Folio, 253 x 393mm. 33 pages of descriptive text & 73 loose plates with their accompanying 10 text sheets. Slight browning to margins, a little spotting otherwise very good.
The 39 plates and descriptive text for the entry of Architecture et Parties qui en Dépendent from volume I of plates, with the additional 34 plates from the Supplementary Volume of Plates. Plates from volume I are numbered 1-39 with thirteen double plates (plates 13, 15-20, 22-24, 27, 28 & 36). Plate 3 has an inch-long tear from the bottom edge.
The supplementary plates come in 5 sets. The first of these sets in entitled Architecture and these seventeen plates are numbered 1-17. The second set is entitled Bagne de Brest, and these are numbered 1-3, with two double plates. The next set is entitled Sallon Plan and contains four plates and these are all double plates. The penultimate set is entitled Théatre and these nine plates are numbered 1-9 with one double plate. The last set, Architecture Navale contains one plate which is not numbered.
Also with the relevant entries listed under Architecte in the Table Analytique et Raisonnée du Dictionnaire des Sciences, Arts et Métiers. Vol 1 (1780).
2 pages (617 & 618) from volume I of the Encyclopédie (1751) including Les trois especes
1 page (637) from volume II of the Encyclopédie (1751) including information on Ouvrages du caprice en architecture
2 pages (492 & 702) from volume IV of the Encyclopédie (1754) including La critique and Les décorations
3 pages (313, 314, & 773) from volume V of the Encyclopédie (1755) including information on Ecole d'architecture and La construction du temple d'Ephese
2 pages (51 & 682) from volume VI of the Encyclopédie (1756) including information on Les proportions and Genre fantastique
3 pages (749, 763 & 764) from volume VII of the Encyclopédie (1757) including information on Architecture gothique, and Architecture grecque
1 page (159) from volume IX of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Architecture des Lacédémoniens
1 page (657) from volume XI of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Corruptions du goût en fait d'ornemens
1 page (468) from volume XIII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including further information on Les proportions
7 pages (537-540, 586, 592, & 839) from volume I of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1776) which includes Architecture en général, Son antiquité, and Beauté dans les ouvrages
2 pages (406 & 585) from volume II of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1776) which includes Défaults choquans en architecture and Défaults de convenance
2 pages (367 & 616) from volume I of the Encyclopédie (1751) including information onL'art du dessin and tout tems des architectes
2 pages (891 & 894) from volume IV of the Encyclopédie (1754) including further information on L'art du dessin
2 pages (584 & 770) from volume VII of the Encyclopédie (1757) including Les qualités essentielles à un architecte
2 pages (535 & 536) from volume I of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1776) which includes Projet d'un éstablissement propre à former de grands architectes
With some browning to a few leaves.
With nineteen text sheets, all the plates from the main volumes are described in great depth. A complete guide to architecture, in particular that contemporary to the Encyclopédie, these plates are also very attractive. The five orders are examined and displayed in detail, with some measured drawing as well. Many examples of 18th-century architecture then follow. Foremost amongst these are the plans by Blondel, also a key encyclopédist, for his Fontaine de la rue de Grenelle, plans for the Colonnade of the Louvre, a project for the Abbaye Royale de Panthemont by François Franque, for the church of the Panthemont, and the Town Hall of Rouen designed by Le Carpentier. Other plans include private houses and further Blondel work, alongside designs for the interiors of new rooms at the Palais Royale. A display of some of the most important building work at the time, this large suite of plates is also of interest as a historical record of buildings and interiors now lost or altered.
There are also many plates from the supplement, which again cover a variety of topics. Starting with further plates on the five orders, more measured drawing is included as well. A large section of this supplementary suite is devoted to the Bagne de Brest, where Eugène François Vidocq was famously held. With designs by Raphael and Carac, magnificent plans by Charles De Wailly are also displayed. The penultimate set in this suite contains nine theatre designs, with both interior and exterior views. The suite then closes with a final plate concerning Architecture Navale and tools used in the art.
The main article for Architecture by Jaques-François Blondel is included with these plates alongside many other relevant entries. A good introduction to the plates, it is testament to Blondel's understanding and knowledge of architecture. Professor at his own École des arts, Blondel had already written extensively on architecture, with his Traité de la Décoration des Edifices receiving much praise. With numerous creative abilities, as displayed in his work at the Metz Cathedral, he wrote nearly five hundred articles for the Encyclopédie. We see the full scope of his expertise displayed in this article.