the foundation of the study of ethology and conveyance of information
DARWIN, Charles Robert. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. John Murray, 1872.
8vo. Original green cloth, boards with blind-ruled borders and panelled in blind, gilt spine, dark-brown endpapers; pp. vi, 374, 7 heliotype plates and 21 black and white figures to text; a little occasional foxing, generally bright and clean. Provenance: front pastedown with the bookplate of Henry Walston, Baron Walston (1912-1991) who as a Life Peer worked under Harold Wilson as a foreign minister and also served as an MEP. He later represented the Social Democratic Party. He published several books on agricultural policy and Britain's role in Europe.
First edition, second issue, with 'that' misspelled 'htat' in first line of p. 208, plates numbered with Arabic numerals. The first edition of this work has a complicated history, as the plates exist in two states - one numbered in Roman numerals, the other in Arabic - that occur randomly across the two states of the text, which differ only in the above-mentioned misspelling and in the layout of the prelims, index and advertisements. 7000 copies of the first edition were sold by 1890; as most libraries and cataloguers do not differentiate between the two states, it is difficult to say how many copies of each state exist, but the first issue rarely appears on the market.. The work is a refutation of contemporary arguments that facial muscles were possessed uniquely by man, and so although perhaps unfamiliar territory for the author, is accepted as an important part of Darwin's account of evolution. DSB states that: "with this book Darwin founded the study of ethology (animal behaviour) and conveyance of information (communication theory) and made a major contribution to psychology" (III, p. 575).