COWLEY, Arthur Ernest. Aramaic Papyri of the Fifth Century B.C. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press, 1923.
8vo. Largely unopened in the original cloth with the rarely seen dust-wrapper; pp. xxxii, 319,Hebrew and cuneiform printing in the text, apart from toning to endpapers near-fine.
First edition of these texts shedding light on the Jewish diaspora in Persia and other parts of the Middle East. Literally one cornerstone is the Behistun inscription, the long multilingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran, established by Darius the Great. The languages are Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian, which made that relief the Rosetta Stone of the cuneiform script. Several of the texts have come down to us as well on Aramaic papyri. The Bodleian librarian and orientlist Cowley published this book as a revision of his 1906 work, incorporating the critical results of the best-known Semitic scholars; his original text remeining largely unaltered.