CAMOENS, Luis de. The Lusiads of Camoens. C. Kegan Paul & Co. 1878.
8vo. 2 vols. Contemporary black morocco with gilt borders and red morocco inlaid dots, sometime rebacked in grey calf with black morocco gilt labels to spines, all edges gilt; pp. 298, 283, frontispiece portraits; very clean.
First edition of this translation in English by J.J. Aubertin. This epic, first published in 1572 is considered the finest work of Camoens, Portugal's greatest poet. The equal of any epic by Homer, Virgil or Dante, it celebrates Portuguese exploration and invention, and in particular the exploits of Vasco de Gama, and weaves in Greek mythology and European history. It has become known as Portugal's national poem, in which Camoens not only established the nation's identity but also fixed the written language in a manner that is recognisable in modern Portuguese.