BRUCE, William Speirs. Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. A collection of 9 scientific offprints, including a few presentation copies.

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BRUCE, William Speirs. Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. A collection of 9 scientific offprints, including a few presentation copies. Edinburgh, 1899-1905.

William Speirs Bruce (1867-1921) 'was given the opportunity in 1895–6, as first assistant, to help direct the high-level meteorological observatory on Ben Nevis. From there he was invited to join the Jackson–Harmsworth expedition as naturalist in its second year in Franz Josef Land (Zeml'a Franca-Iosifa). Here he collected numerous biological specimens and met the Norwegian Fridjof Nansen, who was returning from the Fram expedition. In 1898 he accompanied, as scientist, Major Andrew Coats in the Blencathra to Kolguyev, Novaya Zemlya, and the Barents Sea, and was then invited to sail with the prince of Monaco in the Princesse Alice, the finest of all oceanographic survey ships at that time, to Hope Island, Bear Island, and Spitsbergen. He returned with the prince to Spitsbergen in 1899 to survey Red Bay in the north of the archipelago. Bruce in 1900 was among the best-equipped and most experienced of all polar scientists in Britain. He had amassed a large collection of rocks and biological specimens, and was an experienced land and marine surveyor and a competent meteorologist. He offered his services in 1899 to Clements Markham, president of the Royal Geographical Society, who was organizing an Antarctic expedition to be led by Robert Falcon Scott (the Discovery expedition, 1901–4). Bruce proposed himself as a member of the scientific staff, as either leader or deputy, but Markham delayed long in his reply and offered only a junior post. Bruce had already firm plans for his own expedition. Markham saw him as a rival to Scott: "I do not understand why this mischievous rivalry should have been started, but I trust that you will not connect yourself with it" (Bruce MSS). With the blessing of the Scottish Geographical Society, Bruce raised funds for the Scottish national Antarctic expedition in the well-equipped Scotia (1902–4). The entire crew and scientists were virtually all Scottish, and the funds came from Scottish subscribers, notably James and Andrew Coats of Paisley. Two summers were spent in biological and oceanographical work in the Weddell Sea and the south Atlantic. New coastline was discovered and named Coats Land, and the intervening winter was spent in Scotia Bay and on Laurie Island, South Orkneys, where an observatory, Omond House, was built, which remains as the oldest of all scientific observatories in Antarctica. This highly successful expedition returned to Scotland with large scientific collections which formed the basis of the Scottish Oceanographical Institute, founded by Bruce in Edinburgh in 1907. Seven volumes of scientific reports from the Scotia expedition were published between 1907 and 1919.
The collection consists of:
BRUCE, William Speirs. With the Yachts "Blencathra" and "Princesse Alice" to the Barents and Greenlan Seas. Offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for March 1899.
8vo. Backstrip; pp.[113]-126, [2, blank], four photographic illustrations on one leaf.
BRUCE, William Speirs. Spitsbergen, 1898 and 1899: Voyages with H.S.H. the Prince of Monaco … With Photographs by the Author. Separately paginated offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for September 1900.
8vo. Original plain wrappers; pp. 16, illustrations in the text, folding map at rear, printed in three colours.
BRUCE, William Speirs. First Antarctic Voyage of the "Scotia" Reports by the Leader and Staff of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for February 1904.
8vo. Original plain wrappers; pp. [57]-66, photographic plate depictiing the ship in the ice of Scotia Bay, large folding map, printed in balck and blue, at the rear.
BRUCE, William Speirs. Report on the Work of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition … Read at the Meeting of the British Association, Section E, Cambridge, August 23, 1904.
8vo. Original deep red printed wrappers with the imprint of the Scottish Oceanographic Laboratory, Surgeons' Hall, Edinburgh and rubber stamp 'With Compliments'; pp. 10, six plates with 8 photographic illustrations (including a Scotsman wearing a kilt playing the bag pipes to an attentive penguin) and one map.
BRUCE, William Speirs. Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Outline Map of Laurie Island, South Orkneys, 1903. Offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for June 1905.
8vo. Only lower plain wrapper present, pp. 2, folding map.
BRUCE, William Speirs. Some Results of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Corrected offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for August 1905.
8vo. Original light green printed wrappers with the imprint of the Scottish Oceanographic Laboratory, Surgeons' Hall, Edinburgh and rubber stamp 'With Compliments'and the SNAE oval stamp, ; pp. [403]-440, two plates after photographs, illustrations in the text, and one large folding map, printed in three colours.
BRUCE, William Speirs. Some Results of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Separately paginated and corrected offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for August 1905.
8vo. Original light green printed wrappers with the imprint of the Scottish Oceanographic Laboratory, Surgeons' Hall, Edinburgh and rubber stamp 'With Compliments' ; pp. 12, illustrations in the text, and one large folding map, printed in three colours.
BRUCE, William Speirs. The proposed Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Separately paginated offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine for June 1906.
8vo. Original printed wrappers; pp. 5, folding Antarctic map, printed in two colours, at rear. Wrappers a little spotted, ms. corrections of errata to text.
BRUCE, William Speirs. The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Second Antarctic Voyage of the "Scotia". Separately paginated offprint from The Scottish Geographical Magazine [not dated, c. 1906].
8vp. Original printed wrappers sith Surgeons' Hall imprint and 'With the Authors' and Mr. W. S. Bruce's Compliments rpintd at head of wrapper; pp. 14, portrait frontispiece, text illustratios, large folding map.
~i~Fiurther included two copiws of a folded printed sheet by the Scottish Antartic Expedition, Glasgow and West of Scotland Committtee, reporting of a meeting and speech given by Bruce on the objects and plans of the proposed expedition.

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