The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902-1903. Volume I [all published]. On …
The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902-1903. Volume I [all published]. On …
The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902-1903. Volume I [all published]. On …

BIRKELAND, Kristian. The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902-1903. Volume I [all published]. On the Cause of Magnetic Storms and the Origin of Terrestrial Magnetism.….

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BIRKELAND, Kristian. The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902-1903. Volume I [all published]. On the Cause of Magnetic Storms and the Origin of Terrestrial Magnetism. Christiania: H. Aschehoug & Co., [1908-1913].

Large 4to. Publisher's half vellum gilt by H.F. Refsum, the University bookbinder in Christiania; pp. [viii], 315, x, 317-801, [2, reprint of fig. 204 & diagram of Pawlowsk-curves]; numerous illustrations, tables and diagrams to text, 1 general map and 4 maps to text showing the meterological stations and their environs, 42 diagrammatic plates at rear; a fine copy of this scarce work.
First and only edition of the first scientific documentation of the aurora borealis phenomenon. Between 1897 and 1903, three expeditions were organized and partly financed by Birkeland to establish four auroral stations at Spitsbergen, Novaya Zemlya, Kaafjord in Finmark, and Iceland. The aim was to have all four in operation by 1902 so that simultaneous observations for the winter of 1902-3 could be made. The current work, the first volume of a series that was not completed, is also the sole primary account relating to the third expedition of 1902-3. The first section of the work (part 1, 1908) contains an overview of the expeditions before offering details of the magnetic storms observed. The second section (parts 2 & 3, 1913) tabulates polar magnetic phenomena and earth currents. Birkeland's observations and conclusions produced important results concerning the electromagnetic properties of the North Polar region and the present publication of these results has become scarce.
Arctic Bibliography 1595; Holland p. 442.

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