Report for the Year 1891 [-1914] on the Trade of the …
Report for the Year 1891 [-1914] on the Trade of the …
Report for the Year 1891 [-1914] on the Trade of the …

BATUMI -. Report for the Year 1891 [-1914] on the Trade of the Consular District of Batoum.

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BATUMI - Report for the Year 1891 [-1914] on the Trade of the Consular District of Batoum. London HMSO, 1892-1915.

24 issues, foolscap folio (report for 1903 in 8vo). Modern wrappers with title labels (report for 1903 in the original printed wrappers); each issue with 12 to 34 pages, some with map of the region, tables in the text.
These extemely rare Diplomatic and Consular Reports deal mainly with the kerosene (mineral oil). 'Batoum (Batum, Batumi) was a small historic Turkish seaport on the eastern shore of the Black Sea before the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, and its existence was relatively unknown until it received world attention after the war in Russian hands, for its export of Baku petroleum, and kerosene in particular. The Czarist government welcomed foreign investment in the development of that industry, and western Europeans were attracted to Baku at the Caspian Sea and later to Batoum seeking their fortunes' (John Kalmakov, online). After the construction of the Batumi - Tiflis - Baku Transcaucasus Railway in 1883, and the Baku - Batumi pipeline which opened in 1907 the port city in Georgia became the chief Russian oil port in the Black Sea. This uninterrupted run of reports covers the period of rapid growth, forced emigration of Doukhobors (a gnostic Christian Russian ethnic group) to Canada, one revolution, Churchill's push for running the Royal Navy on oil in 1912, and the beginning of the First World War. The amount of data and information gathered here was certainly destined for investors and the foreign office only.

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